Malraux, André

(1901-1976)
   writer
   An archaeologist, art theorist, political activist, and public official, as well as a novelist, André Malraux, whose writings are major contributions to 20th-century culture, was born in Paris, where he studied oriental languages. His early writings were inspired by surrealism (Lunes en papier, 1921; Royaume-Farfelu, 1928). In 1923, he went to indochina as an archaeologist and soon became involved in the Annamese revolutionary struggle against French colonial rule. He remained in the orient until 1927 and used his experiences there as material for three other novels: Les Conquérants (1928), La Voie royale (1931), and La Condition humaine (1931), for which he won the prix Goncourt and international repute. in his next novel, Le Tempts de mépris (1935), inspired by a visit to Germany, he denounced Nazism. soon after, he served as a pilot with a Loyalist air squadron in spain, and his experiences there became the basis for his next work, L'Espoir (1937). During World War ii, Malraux served in the French army, was captured, and, upon his escape, became a colonel in the resistance. He was recaptured, but escaped again and in 1945 joined the provisional government of General charles de gaulle. He served as minister for cultural affairs (1959-69), and then retired to a suburb of Paris to write until his death.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Malraux, André — Mal·raux (măl rōʹ, mäl ), André. 1901 1976. French writer and politician. A member of the French resistance during World War II, he served as minister of culture (1959 1969) under Charles de Gaulle. His written works include novels of adventure… …   Universalium

  • Malraux, André — (November 3, 1901, Paris, France November 23, 1976, Créteil, Val de Marne, France)    The son of a stockbroker father who committed sui­cide in 1930, he was raised by his mother and mater­nal grandmother after the separation of his parents in… …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Malraux, André — ► (1901 76) Novelista francés. Su pasión por desentrañar los problemas humanos más hondos y decisivos y por aunar la acción y el pensamiento caracterizan su obra. Sus experiencias comunistas (La condición humana, 1933), en la Guerra Civil… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Malraux, André (-Georges) — born Nov. 3, 1901, Paris, France died Nov. 23, 1976, Paris French novelist, art historian, and statesman. Imprisoned at age 21 by French colonial authorities while on an archaeological expedition in Cambodia, Malraux grew to be a fervent… …   Universalium

  • Malraux, André (-Georges) — (3 nov. 1901, París, Francia–23 nov. 1976, París). Novelista, historiador y estadista francés. Fue hecho prisionero cuando tenía 21 años por las autoridades coloniales francesas mientras participaba en una expedición arqueológica en Camboya;… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Malraux — Malraux, André …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • André Malraux — André Malraux, author and statesman Born 3 November 1901(1901 11 03) Paris, France Died 23 November 1976(197 …   Wikipedia

  • Andre Malraux — André Malraux Pour les articles homonymes, voir Malraux (homonymie). André Malraux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malraux — André Malraux Pour les articles homonymes, voir Malraux (homonymie). André Malraux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André Malraux — (Bild Mitte) und Rafael Squirru (zweiter von rechts) André Malraux (* 3. November 1901 in Paris; † 23. November 1976 in Créteil, Val de Marne) war ein französischer Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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